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Productivity analysis of key Commonwealth fisheries
Technical Reports
Series Issue:
13.09 December 2013
Publication Date:
Overview The Productivity Analysis of Key Commonwealth Fisheries report is a publication that provides an indication of productivity trends for the Commonwealth's most valuable commercial fisheries. These trends reflect how well these fisheries use inputs to produce outputs. When viewed over time, productivity trends can assist in the evaluation of a fishery's economic performance. Productivity trends generally reflect changes in the fishery's operating environment. For example, in recent years a number of factors are likely to have altered total factor productivity trends of key Commonwealth fisheries. These changes include the Securing our Fishing Future (SOFF) structural adjustment package for Commonwealth fisheries which concluded in 2006-07, the implementation of the Commonwealth Harvest Strategy policy (HSP) in 2007, and the subsequent management changes required by the Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA) to ensure sustainable and profitable fisheries. In recent years, fisheries have also faced adverse changes in market conditions, including adapting to high fuel prices and a high Australian dollar exchange rate. This report is funded by the Australian Government Department of Agriculture through the Fisheries Resources Research Fund (FRRF). Key Issues * Owing to data gaps it was only possible to derive stock adjusted productivity trends for some of the fisheries assessed. The stock adjusted productivity index is an improved indicator of productivity trends for Commonwealth fisheries as it accounts for the effect of stock changes in the estimation of productivity trends. * Productivity across all the Commonwealth fisheries analysed in this report generally follow an increasing trend over the periods analysed, but most noticeably in the period after 2006-07, following the conclusion of the SOFF buyback. * Productivity in the Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery grew by an annual average of 6.7 per cent between 1995-96 and 2010-11. Productivity growth is highest between 2003-04 and 2010-11; this occurred at the same time as the reduction in fleet size, driven primarily by changes in market conditions but also by the SOFF buyback. * Stock adjusted productivity of the otter trawl vessels in the Commonwealth Trawl Sector followed an increasing trend between 1996-97 and 2010-11, growing by an annual average of 10 per cent. The productivity increase is highest between 2004-05 and 2010-11 following the SOFF buyback. * Between 1998-99 and 2010-11, vessels in the Gillnet, Hook and Trap Sector (excluding automatic long-liners) achieved an annual average stock adjusted productivity growth of approximately 0.9 per cent. Productivity in the GHTS followed a generally declining trend between 1998-99 and 2003-04, then an increasing trend between 2003-04 and 2010-11. The increasing productivity trend after 2003-04 is generally attributed to autonomous changes in the fleet structure and a decline in the number of vessels operating following the SOFF buyback. * The productivity analysis for the Northern Prawn Fishery was undertaken across the banana and tiger prawn seasons and for each of these seasons separately. Across both seasons productivity increased by an annual average of 7 per cent between 1992-93 and 2009-10. The productivity increase is most prominent between 2004-05 and 2009-10. * For the tiger prawn season, stock adjusted productivity increased by an annual average of 3 per cent between 1990-00 and 2009-10. Productivity increased most between 2004-05 and 2009-10, likely reflecting the impact of the SOFF buyback and AFMA's setting of fishery effort levels to target MEY. * Productivity in the banana prawn season increased by an annual average of 15 per cent between 1998-99 and 2009-10, but increased most between 2004-05 and 2009-10. This strong result is largely attributed to favourable environmental conditions that increased banana prawn catch rates. * Between 1993-94 and 2007-08, productivity in the Torres Strait Prawn Fishery increased by an annual average of 4.8 per cent. The increase in productivity is greatest between 2000-01 and 2007-08. During this period, the number of operating vessels declined, particularly following the 2005-06 voluntary licence surrender process.
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ABARES : Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences : Department of Agriculture

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Other constraints: Licence type:Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australian Licence (CC By)

Other constraints: Ownership of intellectual property rights: Unless otherwise noted, copyright (and any other intellectual property rights, if any) in this publication is owned by the Commonwealth of Australia (referred to as the Commonwealth). Creative Commons licence: All material in this publication is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence, save for content supplied by third parties, logos and the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.

Other constraints: This publication (and any material sourced from it) should be attributed as: Stephan, M and Vieira, S 2013, Productivity Analysis of Key Commonwealth Fisheries, Technical Report 13.09, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Canberra, December
ISBN 978-1-74323-161-6

ISSN 189-3128
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